Archive for the ‘covid-19’ Category

Почивай в мир, приятелю!

10/11/2020 1 comment

Днес, на 65 години, битката с коронавируса загуби Саеб Ерекат. Ветеран на преговорния прцес, Саеб до последно не загуби вярата, че израелци и палeсетинци могат да живеят в мир; че единственият начин това да се постигне е по пътя на преговорите, а не чрез насилие; а единственият начин мирът да се гарантира е, ако се разделят в две държави.

Саеб премина през всички перипети на мъчителния близкоизточен мирен процес от Мадридската конференция през 1991, през Осло, преживя кръвопролитията на две интифади, загуби близки и роднини, но не се отказа. Между “осанна” и “разпни го” от свои и от чужди, той ще остане един от патриарсите на мира и символ на вярата, че чрез преговори може да бъде постигнато решение на този братоубийствен конфликт. Дано да е бил прав, дано вярата в мира не угасне със спомена за него.

Преди две години Саеб се пребори с успешна белодробна трансплантация. Посетих го в болницата във Вашингтон, където се въстановяваше. Беше слаб, трудно говореше, но работеше непрестанно. Посрещна ни Наема, съпругата му, с която жиееха скромно в Йерихон. В дома му за последен път се срещнахме през юли.

Познавах го от повече от десет години, а през последните пет работех с него много интензивно. Не веднъж сме спорили, били сме на различни мнения, но винаги сме успявали да намерим общи решения, защото и двамата сме били водени от вярата, че само чрез диалог може да се върви напред.

Преди месец влезе в болница с COVID-19 и въпреки героичните усилия на израелските доктори в Хадаса, Саеб днес ни напусна.
Почивай в мир, приятелю! Ти се бори до последния си дъх с неравен враг, но твоята вяра в справедливостта и мира трябва да останат живи.

‪The #COVID19 pandemic is likely to also have severe socio-economic consequences for the #Palestinian people. All must work together to avert economic collapse. The #UN supports PM @DrStayyeh’s efforts to put together an #emergency budget and address the crisis.‬

12/04/2020 Leave a comment

I am concerned about the socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 health crisis on the Palestinian people, particularly vulnerable communities in Gaza.

In addition to the public health implications of the pandemic, the negative shock to the Israeli and Palestinian economies will have profound implications for public welfare, employment, social cohesion, financial and institutional stability.

If current trends continue, the damage to the Palestinian economy will be substantial.

Economic contraction and necessary public health restrictions are having an adverse effect on the economy and the viability of the Palestinian Authority (PA). Revenues from trade, tourism and transfers have declined to their lowest levels in the last two decades. It is estimated that the fiscal gap for 2020 will reach USD 1 billion by the end of the year.

The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) projects that a three-month shutdown and a six-month shutdown would lead to GDP contractions of 5.1 percent and 7.1 percent, respectively. A decline of 7 percent of GDP would represent a negative shock among the largest annual contractions recorded since reliable statistics began in 1994.

With very limited control over its economy, the Palestinian Government does not have access to the conventional monetary and fiscal tools necessary to remedy the crisis. These are in the hands of Israel. 

Preserving the functioning and stability of the PA is vital to the security and well-being of both Palestinians and Israelis alike.

The current situation is extremely dangerous and calls for bold action by all stakeholders.

I welcome Prime Minister Shtayyeh’s announcement of an emergency budget aimed at keeping public spending to a minimum. This budget should focus on health-related expenditures, income support to vulnerable Palestinians, support for affected firms, especially small and medium enterprises, and continuity of government, including salaries and security-related expenditures. All spending should be oriented to these priorities. Gaza’s specific needs must be adequately addressed too.

Israel has a critical responsibility. I welcome the emergency transfer of some ILS 120 million last month to the PA. This is an important first step. Urgent discussions however need to take place on how Israel can ensure regular transfers, even If clearance revenues continue to fall, in order to guarantee a smooth functioning of Palestinian institutions and service delivery to the Palestinian people. Both parties must work quickly to resolve barriers standing in the way of regular transfers, including withheld clearance revenues.

The Palestinian Government will also require generous external support and technical assistance that is targeted directly to the recovery process. This demands improved coordination among donors with a focus on prioritized, targeted and integrated programing that guarantees transparency and accountability of funding.

The Ad Hoc Liaison Committee (AHLC) forum provides the platform for support to the PA as we move forward on the recovery process. I welcome the statement of the Chair of the AHLC on 3 April 2020, calling for strong international donor support.

The UN has been working closely with all stakeholders to ensure coordinated assistance to the health networks dealing with the spread of the virus in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza. 

We stand ready to support the Palestinian Government’s socioeconomic response plan and urge all stakeholders to do the same.”

At a time like this, partisanship and narrow interests must yield to the greater cause of #peace in the #MiddleEast.

11/04/2020 Leave a comment

Today, together with my colleagues Geir Pedersen, the UN Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Syria, Jan Kubis, UN Special Coordinator for Lebanon, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq and Martin Griffiths, the UN Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen, we issued the following joint appeal:

On 23 March, the Secretary-General launched an appeal for an immediate Global Ceasefire, urging all warring parties to pull back from hostilities, put aside mistrust and animosity, and silence their guns. Many parties have responded positively to the Secretary- General’s appeal, but more needs to be done to translate these words into actions.
Too many in the Middle East have endured conflict and deprivation for far too long. Their suffering is now compounded by the COVID19 crisis and its likely long-lasting social, economic and political impacts.

We call on all parties to engage, in good faith and without preconditions, on negotiating immediate halts to ongoing hostilities, sustaining existing ceasefires, putting in place more durable and comprehensive ceasefires, and achieving longer-term resolutions to the persistent conflicts across the region.

We also appeal to all to exercise maximum restraint, de-escalate tensions and work to resolve differences through dialogue, negotiation, mediation or other peaceful means. We further call on all to refrain from any activities that can lead to further deterioration of stability and security in any country or the region as a whole.

We urge parties to reach out across conflict lines and cooperate locally, regionally and globally to stop the rapid spread of the virus and, where possible, to share resources, and allow access to medical facilities where needed.

We call on all sides to facilitate humanitarian access and assistance to the internally displaced and refugees, communities under siege, and all who have been ravaged by war and deprivation, without prejudice or discrimination. This requires fast-tracking the passage of health and aid workers at borders and in-country and ensuring they are protected. We further call on all to facilitate safe, voluntary and dignified return of refugees and IDPs to their homes by urgent, effective and meaningful action and measures.

We call for special attention to the plight of the detained, the abducted and the missing, and for humanitarian releases, access for humanitarian organizations, and urgent steps to ensure adequate medical care and protective measures in all places of detention.

We call on all partners at a time when all are facing immense national challenges, to work with the UN on urgent international response plans and recovery measures. No country, region or community can face the challenge of COVID-19 alone. Solidarity is required today and will be very much needed tomorrow.

Our teams will continue to focus on preventive diplomacy, on assisting all efforts to respond to the health and socio-economic consequences of the crisis, support broad cooperation in the interest of peace and the well-being of all, work relentlessly to facilitate humanitarian access to the most vulnerable, and engage resolutely for these objectives.

None of these efforts will succeed if the guns of war and conflict are not silenced. At a time like this, partisanship and narrow interests must yield to the greater cause and the good of the people. That is why we echo the Secretary-General in calling on all parties in the Middle East to work with the UN so we can “focus on the true fight of our lives.”